Have you noticed tiny black gaps in between your teeth? They may seem like a miniscule problem in your oral hygiene, but they are actually a bigger problem than you think. So, what exactly are those black triangles?

Gingival Embrasures

These black triangles are called gingival embrasures, more commonly described as black triangles. If you notice black triangles in your smile, it is important to talk to your dentist, because you may have an underlying condition that needs to be addressed. 

What causes black triangles?

There are many causes, and it could be a combination of a few things, depending on your particular case. For some, it starts with gum recession. Healthy gums are meant to fill these natural gaps. However, when your gums are not working as they should, they will open up these gaps, leaving your teeth exposed and vulnerable to bacteria. 

Gum disease and osteoporosis is also a leading cause, as the bone strength in the teeth decreases, these gaps enlarge. People who have poor dental hygiene habits also see these gaps more often. If you are one who brushes or flosses aggressively, your teeth will feel the repercussions. 

Some individuals just have a triangular tooth shape, causing a natural triangle gap to form. The width of the tooth at the gumline isn’t as wide as it should be, causing gum issues over time. 

How do you treat black triangles?

If you have discussed options with your dentist, it’s time to start healing! First and foremost, make sure you are practicing gentle dental hygiene. Brushing with a soft brush, flossing with care, and practicing oral hygiene twice daily will oftentimes reverse these black triangles. 

There is also something called Hyaluronic acid treatment. This is something your dentist can perform, resulting in regenerated gum tissue. However, this treatment does not last forever. Some people would prefer to have these black triangles filled. Your dentist can fill these gaps with something called composite resin. This is a lengthy process that sometimes takes months, but it leaves you with no gaps! 

For more serious black triangles, braces or veneers may be necessary. Braces will work to close these gaps over time, moving your teeth slowly but surely. Veneers are placed over your natural teeth to create a more fuller looking smile. Depending on the type of veneer, these will last anywhere between 18 months to 20 years. 

If all of these options are not strong enough for your case, your dentist may recommend a surgical procedure. In such procedures, your periodontist will perform tissue grafts, taking tissue from the roof of your mouth and placing it over areas that need more gum tissue. If necessary, bone grafts are also an option. 

Take these black triangles seriously

At the end of the day, these black triangles are more than just a cosmetic problem. Over time, these gaps will trap food and bacteria, leading to bigger problems and diseases. Schedule a visit with your dentist today if you notice these black triangles in your smile!